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TBF/TBM Avenger at Palm Springs Air Museum
Palm Springs Air Museum visit November, 2008

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Grumman TBF/TBM-3U Avenger Torpedo Bomber

Royal Navy TBM Avenger

The museum's aircraft was built in 1945 and served in the U.S. Navy. I believe it is a 3U version of the Avenger which was used for general utility and target towing. It was later operated by a private company as a tanker (1966 to 1977). Restored as Royal Navy JR-456, it is painted with British Fleet Air Arm colors.

TBF designates an aircraft built by Grumman and TBM designates one built by General Motors. Starting in 1943, the British Fleet Air Arm received Avengers under Lend-Lease agreement. The British initially called the aircraft the Tarpon, but later used the American name of Avenger.

TBM Avenger, Palm Springs Air Museum - California

According to Owen Thetford in British Naval Aircraft since 1912 (p218), “No. 832 Squadron of the FAA, was the first to be equipped with Avengers. The squadron took delivery at Norfolk in the USA on January 1, 1943. In April 1943 the Avengers went aboard the US Navy carrier USS Saratoga and on June 27 went into action during the landings in the Middle Solomons in the Coral Sea. This is believed to have been the first occasion on which FAA aircraft went into action from an American carrier.” Photo on the right is courtesy of the Palm Springs Air Museum.

Also see on our website

TBF Avenger - Planes of Fame
Avengers - Naval Aviation Centennial
TBM-3E - Avenger- War Eagles Air Museum
TBF/TBM Avengers - American Aircraft



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