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Battle of Guam 1944 - WW II LVT Museum

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Visited 2-11-11

Retaking Guam from the Japanese


LVTs on Guam

LVTs on Guam. Photo on display at the WWII Korean LVT museum.

Guam had been a US territorial possession from 1899 until December 8, 1941, when it was invaded by the Japanese. It was the largest as well as most southern island in the Marianas chain.


Amphibious Landings

The US assault to recapture Guam was planned for July 21, 1944, against a well prepared Japanese army. Two separate landings took place by the III Amphibious Corps; one above and one below the Orote Peninsula, both on the west side of the island.


Beaches Red, Green & Blue1

 • The assault over Beaches Red, Green and Blue utilized 193 LVT(2)s and LVT(4)s of the 3rd Amphibian Tractor Battalion, and "A" company of the 11th Amtrac Battalion, transporting three infantry regiments of the 3rd Mar Div.


 • The 1st Armored Amphibian Tractor Battalion (less "A" and “B” Companies) lead the assault with 36 LVT (A)1s, equipped with a 35mm cannon.


Beaches Yellow and White1


WWII Marine Corps documentary report on the WWII battle to recapture Guam in 1944. Twenty-six minutes.

 • The assault over Beaches Yellow and White, included the 1st Provisional Brigade, landed by the 4th Amphibian Tractor Battalion and "A" Company of the 10th Amtrac Battalion utilizing 180 LVTs. They were led by 37 LVT(A)1s from "C" and "D" Companies of the 1st Armored Amtrac Battalion.


 • From the reef inland, the amtracs encountered heavy enemy fire. In total, 42 LVTs were hit or disabled by coral on the way in, and three disabled by mines on the beaches.


 • Despite heavy Japanese fire, all units got ashore within a few minutes of the scheduled 0830. By nightfall, two beach heads were established costing the Marines 1,047 casualties, among whom 102 were amtrackers.


 • The cargo amtracs continued transportation of supplies during the day. The armored amtracs provided infantry support during the day and security out posts during the nights. Maintenance crews worked diligently to keep 70% of the vehicles operative.


Casualties on Guam

Guam was secure by August 10. The III Amphibious Corps sustained 6,875 casualties (1567 dead, and 5,308 wounded).

The US Army 77th Infantry Division sustained 841 casualties (177 dead, and 662 wounded). Japan suffered over 19,000 casualties on Guam between August 1944, and the end of the war. 2


Amphibian Units ~ Battle of Guam: D-Day 21 July 19441

1st Armored Amphibian Tractor Battalion (8) LVT-2s, & (8) LVT-4s & (75) LVT-A1s
3rd Amphibian Tractor Battalion Reinforced (193) LVT-2s, & (193) LVT-4s
4th Amphibian Tractor Battalion Reinforced (193) LVT-2s & (180) LVT-4s

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Notes:
1Information based on text from sign at the WWII Korean LVT Museum at Camp Del Mar Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, California.

2Cyril J. O'Brien. Liberation: Marines in the Recapture of Guam. Washington, D.C. : Marine Corp Historical Center , 1994, pgs 43. 44.


Video was taken by WW2HQ staff, with permission of the World War II Korea LVT Museum at Camp Del Mar Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, California.



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